A Rapid Array-Based Approach to N-Glycan Profiling of Cultured Cells
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
- Medical University of South Carolina
Typically, N-glycosylation studies done on cultured cells require up to millions of cells followed by lengthy preparation to release, isolate, and profile N-glycans. To overcome these limitations, we report a rapid array-based workflow for profiling N-glycan signatures from cells, adapted from imaging mass spectrometry used for on-tissue N-glycan profiling. Using this approach, N-glycan profiles from a low-density array of eight cell chambers could be reported within 4 h of completing cell culture. Approaches are demonstrated that account for background N-glycans due to serum media. Normalization procedures are shown. The method is robust and reproducible, requiring as few as 3000 cells per replicate with a 3-20% coefficient of variation to capture label-free profiles of N-glycans. Quantification by stable isotopic labeling of N-glycans in cell culture is demonstrated and adds no additional time to preparation. Utility of the method is demonstrated by measurement of N-glycan turnover rates due to induction of oxidative stress in human primary aortic endothelial cells. The developed method and ancillary tools serve as a foundational launching point for rapid profiling of N-glycans ranging from high-density arrays down to single cells in culture.
- N-glycan, N-glycosylation, array, imaging mass spectrometry, label-free, single cell, stable isotope