Adamts5 -/- mice exhibit altered aggrecan proteolytic profiles that correlate with ascending aortic anomalies
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
- Medical University of South Carolina
- University of Melbourne
Objective: Investigate the requirement of Aggrecan (Acan) cleavage during aortic wall development in a murine model with ADAMTS (a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease domain with thrombospondin-type motifs) 5 deficiency and bicuspid aortic valves. Approach: Mice with altered extracellular matrix remodeling of proteoglycans will be examined for anomalies in ascending aortic wall development. Neo-epitope antibodies that recognize ADAMTS cleaved Acan fragments will be used to investigate the mechanistic requirement of Acan turnover, in aortic wall development. Results: Adamts5-/-;Smad2+/- mice exhibited a high penetrance of aortic anomalies (n=17/17); Adamts5-/-;Smad2+/- mice with bicuspid aortic valves (7/17) showed a higher number of anomalies than Adamts5-/-;Smad2+/- mice with tricuspid aortic valves. Single mutant Adamts5-/- mice also displayed a high penetrance of aortic anomalies (n=19/19) compared with wild type (n=1/11). Aortic anomalies correlated with Acan accumulation that was apparent at the onset of elastogenesis in Adamts5-/- mice. Neo-epitope antibodies that recognize the initial amino acids in the Acan cleaved fragments neo-FREEE, neo-GLGS, and neo-SSELE were increased in the Adamts5-/- aortas compared with WT. Conversely, neo-TEGE, which recognizes highly digested Acan core fragments, was reduced in Adamts5-/- mice. However, mice containing a mutation in the TEGE373↓374ALGSV site, rendering it noncleavable, had low penetrance of aortic anomalies (n=2/4). Acan neo-DIPEN and neo-FFGVG fragments were observed in the aortic adventitia; Acan neo-FFGVG was increased abnormally in the medial layer and overlapped with smooth muscle cell loss in Adamts5-/- aortas. Conclusions: Disruption of ADAMTS5 Acan cleavage during development correlates with ascending aortic anomalies. These data indicate that the mechanism of ADAMTS5 Acan cleavage may be critical for normal aortic wall development.
- Aggrecans, Animals, Aorta, Bicuspid, Extracellular matrix, Mice, Protease