Baseline Characteristics of the VANISH Cohort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Anna Axelsson Raja
  • Ling Shi
  • Kenneth Zahka
  • Harry Lever
  • Steven D. Colan
  • Renee Margossian
  • E. Kevin Hall
  • Jason Becker
  • John Lynn Jefferies
  • Amit R. Patel
  • Lubna Choudhury
  • Charles Canter
  • Richard Bach
  • Matthew T. Wheeler
  • Lee Benson
  • Anjali T. Owens
  • Joseph Rossano
  • Kimberly Y. Lin
  • Elfriede Pahl
  • Alexandre C. Pereira
  • Henning Bundgaard
  • Jose D. Vargas
  • Allison L. Cirino
  • John J.V. McMurray
  • Scott D. Solomon
  • E. John Orav
  • Eugene Braunwald
  • Carolyn Y. Ho

External Institution(s)

  • University of Copenhagen
  • New England Research Institutes
  • Cleveland Clinic Foundation
  • Harvard University
  • Yale University
  • Vanderbilt University
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
  • The University of Chicago
  • Northwestern University
  • Washington University St. Louis
  • Stanford University
  • University of Toronto
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Children's Memorial Hospital
  • Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clínicas
  • Georgetown University
  • University of Glasgow


Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere006231
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Issue number12
StatusPublished - Dec 1 2019


Background: The VANISH trial (Valsartan for Attenuating Disease Evolution in Early Sarcomeric Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy) targeted young sarcomeric gene mutation carriers with early-stage hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) to test whether valsartan can modify disease progression. We describe the baseline characteristics of the VANISH cohort and compare to previous trials evaluating angiotensin receptor blockers. Methods: Applying a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled design, 178 participants with nonobstructive HCM (age, 23.3±10.1 years; 61% men) were randomized in the primary cohort and 34 (age, 16.5±4.9 years; 50% men) in the exploratory cohort of sarcomeric mutation carriers without left ventricular hypertrophy. Results: In the primary cohort, maximal left ventricular wall thickness was 17±4 mm for adults and Z score 7.0±4.5 for children. Nineteen percent had late gadolinium enhancement on cardiac magnetic resonance. Mean peak oxygen consumption was 33 mL/kg per minute, and 92% of participants were New York Heart Association functional class I. New York Heart Association class II was associated with older age, MYH7 variants, and more prominent imaging abnormalities. Six previous trials of angiotensin receptor blockers in HCM enrolled a median of 24 patients (range, 19-133) with mean age of 51.2 years; 42% of patients were in New York Heart Association class ≥II, and sarcomeric mutations were not required. Conclusions: The VANISH cohort is much larger, younger, less heterogeneous, and has less advanced disease than prior angiotensin receptor blocker trials in HCM. Participants had relatively normal functional capacity and mild HCM features. New York Heart Association functional class II symptoms were associated with older age, more prominent imaging abnormalities, and MYH7 variants, suggesting both phenotype and genotype contribute to disease manifestations. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: Unique identifier: NCT01912534.

    Research areas

  • angiotension receptor blocker, cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic, randomized controlled trial

Citation formats


Raja, A. A., Shi, L., Day, S. M., Russell, M., Zahka, K., Lever, H., ... Ho, C. Y. (2019). Baseline Characteristics of the VANISH Cohort. Circulation: Heart Failure, 12(12), [e006231].


Raja, AA, Shi, L, Day, SM, Russell, M, Zahka, K, Lever, H, Colan, SD, Margossian, R, Hall, EK, Becker, J, Jefferies, JL, Patel, AR, Choudhury, L, Murphy, AM, Canter, C, Bach, R, Taylor, M, Mestroni, L, Wheeler, MT, Benson, L, Owens, AT, Rossano, J, Lin, KY, Pahl, E, Pereira, AC, Bundgaard, H, Lewis, GD, Vargas, JD, Cirino, AL, McMurray, JJV, MacRae, CA, Solomon, SD, Orav, EJ, Braunwald, E & Ho, CY 2019, 'Baseline Characteristics of the VANISH Cohort', Circulation: Heart Failure, vol. 12, no. 12, e006231.