Case Fatality Decline from 2009 to 2013 among Medicare Beneficiaries with Ischemic Stroke
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- Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the temporal trend of 30-day and 1-year mortality among U.S. Medicare beneficiaries who were hospitalized for ischemic stroke, with special focus on the mortality among subgroup of patients in relation to acute reperfusion therapies including intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). Methods: We evaluated Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries age 65 years or older who were hospitalized for ischemic stroke between 2009 and 2013. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were generated to analyze the trend of adjusted mortality. Results: A total of 1,070,574 patients were included in the study. The 30-day mortality did not change among patients who were not treated with IVT or EVT. It decreased by 13% among patients treated with IVT but not EVT (HR = .87, 95% CI .82-.92), 25% among patients treated with EVT but not IVT (HR = .75, 95% CI .59-.95), and 37% among patients treated with both IVT and EVT (HR = .63, 95% CI .52-.77). One-year mortality decreased by 19% among patients who were not treated with IVT nor EVT (HR = .81, 95% CI .80-.83), 22% among those treated with IVT but not EVT (HR = .78, 95% CI .75-.81), 33% among those treated with EVT but not IVT (HR = .67, 95% CI .55-.81), and 38% among those treated with both IVT and EVT (HR = .62, 95% CI .53-.73). Conclusions: From 2009 to 2013, the 30-day stroke case fatality decreased only among the patients received reperfusion therapy. The 1-year mortality declined among all the stroke patients, with the greatest decline among those treated with both IVT and EVT.
- Mortality, endovascular thrombectomy, intravenous thrombolysis, ischemic stroke, outcome