Eotaxin-rich proangiogenic hematopoietic progenitor cells and CCR3+ endothelium in the atopic asthmatic response

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Kewal Asosingh
  • Amit Vasanji
  • Aaron Tipton
  • Kimberly Queisser
  • Nicholas Wanner
  • Allison Janocha
  • Deepa Grandon
  • Bela Anand-Apte
  • Marc E. Rothenberg
  • Raed Dweik
  • Serpil C. Erzurum

External Institution(s)

  • ImageIQ Inc.
  • Cleveland Clinic Foundation
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Details

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2377-2387
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume196
Issue number5
StatusPublished - Mar 1 2016
Peer-reviewedYes

Abstract

Angiogenesis is closely linked to and precedes eosinophilic infiltration in asthma. Eosinophils are recruited into the airway by chemoattractant eotaxins, which are expressed by endothelial cells, smooth muscles cells, epithelial cells, and hematopoietic cells. We hypothesized that bone marrow-derived proangiogenic progenitor cells that contain eotaxins contribute to the initiation of angiogenesis and inflammation in asthma. Whole-lung allergen challenge of atopic asthma patients revealed vascular activation occurs within hours of challenge and before airway inflammation. The eotaxin receptor CCR3 was expressed at high levels on submucosal endothelial cells in patients and a murine model of asthma. Ex vivo exposure of murine endothelial cells to eotaxins induced migration and angiogenesis. In mechanistic studies, wild-type mice transplanted with eotaxin-1/2-deficient bone marrow had markedly less angiogenesis and inflammation in an atopic asthma model, whereas adoptive transfer of proangiogenic progenitor cells from wild-type mice in an atopic asthma model into the eotaxin-1/2-deficient mice led to angiogenesis and airway inflammation. The findings indicate that Th2-promoting hematopoietic progenitor cells are rapidly recruited to the lung upon allergen exposure and release eotaxins that coordinately activate endothelial cells, angiogenesis, and airway inflammation.

Citation formats

APA

Asosingh, K., Vasanji, A., Tipton, A., Queisser, K., Wanner, N., Janocha, A., ... Erzurum, S. C. (2016). Eotaxin-rich proangiogenic hematopoietic progenitor cells and CCR3+ endothelium in the atopic asthmatic response. Journal of Immunology, 196(5), 2377-2387. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1500770

Harvard

Asosingh, K, Vasanji, A, Tipton, A, Queisser, K, Wanner, N, Janocha, A, Grandon, D, Anand-Apte, B, Rothenberg, ME, Dweik, R & Erzurum, SC 2016, 'Eotaxin-rich proangiogenic hematopoietic progenitor cells and CCR3+ endothelium in the atopic asthmatic response', Journal of Immunology, vol. 196, no. 5, pp. 2377-2387. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1500770