Hyperglycemia-induced ubiquitination and degradation of β-catenin with the loss of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 in retinal endothelial cells
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- LSU Health Sciences Center - Shreveport
Objective: Increased retinal vascular permeability is one of the earliest manifestations of diabetic retinopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of hyperglycemia-induced platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 loss on retinal vascular permeability via the β-catenin pathway. Methods: Type I diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats using streptozotocin injections, with age-matched non-diabetic rats as controls. Rat retinal microvascular endothelial cells were grown under normal or high glucose conditions for 6 days. Small interfering Ribonucleic Acid was used to knock down platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 in rat retinal microvascular endothelial cells for loss-of-function studies. Retinas and rat retinal microvascular endothelial cells were subjected to Western blot, immunofluorescence labeling, and co-immunoprecipitation analyses to assess protein levels and interactions. A biotinylated gelatin and fluorescein isothiocyanate-avidin assay was used for retinal endothelial cell permeability studies. Results: β-catenin, β-catenin/platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 interaction, active Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase were significantly decreased, while β-catenin ubiquitination levels and endothelial permeability were significantly increased, in hyperglycemic retinal endothelial cells. Similar results were observed with platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 partial knockdown, where β-catenin and active Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase levels were decreased, while phospho-β-catenin and retinal endothelial cell permeability were increased. Conclusion: Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 loss may contribute to increased retinal endothelial cell permeability by attenuating β-catenin levels under hyperglycemic conditions.
- PECAM-1, blood-retinal barrier, diabetic retinopathy, permeability, β-catenin