Inhibition of class I histone deacetylase activity represses matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 expression and preserves LV function postmyocardial infarction
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
- Medical University of South Carolina
Left ventricular (LV) remodeling, after myocardial infarction (MI), can result in LV dilation and LV pump dysfunction. Post-MI induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-2 and MMP-9, have been implicated as causing deleterious effects on LV and extracellular matrix remodeling in the MI region and within the initially unaffected remote zone. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a class of enzymes that affect the transcriptional regulation of genes during pathological conditions. We assessed the efficacy of both class I/IIb- and class I-selective HDAC inhibitors on MMP-2 and MMP-9 abundance and determined if treatment resulted in the attenuation of adverse LV and extracellular matrix remodeling and improved LV pump function post-MI. MI was surgically induced in MMP-9 promoter reporter mice and randomized for treatment with a class I/IIb HDAC inhibitor for 7 days post-MI. After MI, LV dilation, LV pump dysfunction, and activation of the MMP-9 gene promoter were significantly attenuated in mice treated with either the class I/IIb HDAC inhibitor tichostatin A or suberanilohydroxamic acid (voronistat) compared with MI-only mice. Immunohistological staining and zymographic levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were reduced with either tichostatin A or suberanilohydroxamic acid treatment. Class I HDAC activity was dramatically increased post-MI. Treatment with the selective class I HDAC inhibitor PD-106 reduced post-MI levels of both MMP-2 and MMP-9 and attenuated LV dilation and LV pump dysfunction post-MI, similar to class I/IIb HDAC inhibition. Taken together, these unique findings demonstrate that selective inhibition of class I HDACs may provide a novel therapeutic means to attenuate adverse LV remodeling post-MI.
- Histone deacetylase, LV remodelling, Macrophages, Matrix metalloproteinases, Myocardial infarction, Transcriptional regulation