Lysine-specific demethylase-1 deficiency increases agonist signaling via the mineralocorticoid receptor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Thitinan Treesaranuwattana
  • Kelly Yin Han Wong
  • Danielle L. Brooks
  • Chee Sin Tay
  • Gordon H. Williams
  • Jonathan S. Williams
  • Luminita H. Pojoga

External Institution(s)

  • Harvard University
  • Rangsit University
  • UCSI University

Details

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1045-1053
Number of pages9
JournalHypertension
StatusPublished - Apr 1 2020
Peer-reviewedYes

Abstract

—LSD1 (lysine-specific demethylase-1) is an epigenetic regulator of gene transcription. LSD1 risk allele in humans and LSD1 deficiency (LSD1+/−) in mice confer increasing salt-sensitivity of blood pressure with age, which evolves into salt-sensitive hypertension in older individuals. However, the mechanism underlying the relationship between LSD1 and salt-sensitivity of blood pressure remains elusive. Here, we show that LSD1 genotype (in humans) and LSD1 deficiency (in mice) lead to similar associations with increased blood pressure and urine potassium levels but with decreased aldosterone levels during a liberal salt diet. Thus, we hypothesized that LSD1 deficiency leads to an MR (mineralocorticoid receptor)dependent hypertensive state. Yet, further studies in LSD1+/− mice treated with the MR antagonist eplerenone demonstrate that hypertension, kaliuria, and albuminuria are substantially improved, suggesting that the ligand-independent activation of the MR is the underlying cause of this LSD1 deficiency–mediated phenotype. Indeed, while MR and epithelial sodium channel expression levels were increased in LSD1+/− mouse kidney tissues, aldosterone secretion from LSD1+/− glomerulosa cells was significantly lower. Collectively, these data establish that LSD1 deficiency leads to an inappropriate activation and increased levels of the MR during a liberal salt regimen and suggest that inhibiting the MR pathway is a useful strategy for treatment of hypertension in human LSD1 risk allele carriers.

    Research areas

  • Aldosterone, Hypertension, Lysine-specific demethylase 1, Mineralocorticoid receptor, Phenotype

Citation formats

APA

Treesaranuwattana, T., Han Wong, K. Y., Brooks, D. L., Tay, C. S., Williams, G. H., Williams, J. S., & Pojoga, L. H. (2020). Lysine-specific demethylase-1 deficiency increases agonist signaling via the mineralocorticoid receptor. Hypertension, 1045-1053. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.13821

Harvard

Treesaranuwattana, T, Han Wong, KY, Brooks, DL, Tay, CS, Williams, GH, Williams, JS & Pojoga, LH 2020, 'Lysine-specific demethylase-1 deficiency increases agonist signaling via the mineralocorticoid receptor', Hypertension, pp. 1045-1053. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.13821