Micro RNA 181c-5p: A promising target for post-stroke recovery in socially isolated mice
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
- University of Connecticut
Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been tied to several neurological disorders, including ischemic stroke. It has also been established that social environments can modulate miRNA profiles. We have previously shown that post-stroke social isolation (SI) is linked to poor stroke outcomes and that miR-181c-5p emerged as one of few lead miRNAs that was downregulated in both stroke and SI. Therefore, in this study we examined the potential role of miR-181c-5p mimic in reversing the detrimental effects of post-stroke SI. Two to three-month-old C57BL/6 male mice were pair-housed (PH) for at least two weeks. After two weeks, mice underwent stroke survival surgery using middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and were randomly assigned to one of two housing conditions: stroke isolation (ST-ISO) or stroke pair-housing with a healthy partner (ST-PH). ST-ISO mice were randomized to receive either miR-181c-5p mimic or a scrambled RNA (7 mg/kg i.v./day×drug) control at 24 h and 48 h after stroke. The effects of miR-181c-5p mimic treatment were evaluated at 1, 3, and 7 days after stroke at histological, behavioral, and biochemical levels. Target genes of miR-181c-5p were then analyzed by qPCR using an RT2 Profiler qPCR Array of pre-coated miR-181c gene targets. Temporal profile expression data suggested that miR-181c-5p was significantly downregulated (p < 0.05 vs ST-PH) up to 7 days after post-stroke SI. MiR-181c-5p mimic treatment significantly increased miR-181c-5p expression in brain tissue and showed partial swift recovery in sensorimotor deficit. Target gene analysis identified downregulation of several calcium signaling-related genes, e.g., Cpne2 and Gria 1 & 2 after miR-181c-5p mimic treatment. In summary, present data suggests that miR-181c-5p is a potential target for post-stroke SI. Data also suggests that genes related to calcium and glutamate signaling might be involved in the beneficial effect of the miR-181c-5p mimic.
- Inflammation, Post-stroke social isolation, Target validation, miR-181c-5p, miRNA analysis