miR-29 contributes to normal endothelial function and can restore it in cardiometabolic disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


External Institution(s)

  • Medical College of Wisconsin


Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere8046
JournalEMBO molecular medicine
Issue number3
StatusPublished - Mar 2018


We investigated the role of microRNAs (miRNA) in endothelial dysfunction in the setting of cardiometabolic disorders represented by type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). miR-29 was dysregulated in resistance arterioles obtained by biopsy in T2DM patients. Intraluminal delivery of miR-29a-3p or miR-29b-3p mimics restored normal endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDVD) in T2DM arterioles that otherwise exhibited impaired EDVD. Intraluminal delivery of anti-miR-29b-3p in arterioles from non-DM human subjects or rats or targeted mutation of Mir29b-1/a gene in rats led to impaired EDVD and exacerbation of hypertension in the rats. miR-29b-3p mimic increased, while anti-miR-29b-3p or Mir29b-1/a gene mutation decreased, nitric oxide levels in arterioles. The mutation of Mir29b-1/a gene led to preferential differential expression of genes related to nitric oxide including Lypla1. Lypla1 was a direct target of miR-29 and could abrogate the effect of miR-29 in promoting nitric oxide production. Treatment with Lypla1 siRNA improved EDVD in arterioles obtained from T2DM patients or Mir29b-1/a mutant rats or treated with anti-miR-29b-3p. These findings indicate miR-29 is required for normal endothelial function in humans and animal models and has therapeutic potential for cardiometabolic disorders.

    Research areas

  • diabetes, endothelium, hypertension, microRNA, nitric oxide

Citation formats



Widlansky, ME, Jensen, DM, Wang, J, Liu, Y, Geurts, AM, Kriegel, AJ, Liu, P, Ying, R, Zhang, G, Casati, M, Chu, C, Malik, M, Branum, A, Tanner, MJ, Tyagi, S, Usa, K & Liang, M 2018, 'miR-29 contributes to normal endothelial function and can restore it in cardiometabolic disorders', EMBO molecular medicine, vol. 10, no. 3, e8046. https://doi.org/10.15252/emmm.201708046