Regulation of adiponectin secretion by soy isoflavones has implication for endocrine function of the testis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Andrew Pfaehler
  • Manjunatha K. Nanjappa
  • Elaine S. Coleman
  • Mahmoud Mansour
  • Desiree Wanders
  • Eric P. Plaisance
  • Robert L. Judd
  • Benson T. Akingbemi

External Institution(s)

  • Auburn University

Details

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-85
Number of pages8
JournalToxicology Letters
Volume209
Issue number1
StatusPublished - Feb 25 2012
Peer-reviewedYes

Abstract

Testicular Leydig cells are the predominant source of the male sex steroid hormone testosterone (T), which is required to maintain male fertility. There is now growing evidence that environmental stressors, including chemicals present in food, air and water, may affect energy balance. A relationship between energy balance and reproductive capacity has been proposed for a long time. In the present study, developmental exposures of male rats to soy isoflavones in the maternal diet from gestational day 12 to day 21 post-partum enhanced adiponectin expression in adipose tissue and increased serum adiponectin concentrations in adulthood. However, exposure to soy isoflavones caused a decrease in T production and expression of adiponectin and its receptor (adipoR2) in Leydig cells. In separate experiments, incubation of Leydig cells with recombinant adiponectin in the absence of isoflavones caused a decrease in T biosynthesis associated with diminished expression of the cholesterol transporter steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR). Thus, chemical-induced alterations in serum adiponectin concentrations have implication for steroid hormone secretion. The results also imply that changes in adipose tissue metabolism occasioned by exposure to dietary estrogens, and perhaps other estrogenic agents, possibly contribute to deficiencies in reproductive capacity attributed to these compounds.

    Research areas

  • Adiponectin, Adipose tissue, Androgen, Isoflavones, Leydig cells, Phytoestrogens

Citation formats

APA

Pfaehler, A., Nanjappa, M. K., Coleman, E. S., Mansour, M., Wanders, D., Plaisance, E. P., ... Akingbemi, B. T. (2012). Regulation of adiponectin secretion by soy isoflavones has implication for endocrine function of the testis. Toxicology Letters, 209(1), 78-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2011.11.027

Harvard

Pfaehler, A, Nanjappa, MK, Coleman, ES, Mansour, M, Wanders, D, Plaisance, EP, Judd, RL & Akingbemi, BT 2012, 'Regulation of adiponectin secretion by soy isoflavones has implication for endocrine function of the testis', Toxicology Letters, vol. 209, no. 1, pp. 78-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2011.11.027