Relation between resting sympathetic outflow and vasoconstrictor responses to sympathetic nerve bursts: Sex differences in healthy young adults
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
- University of Delaware
- University of New Hampshire
Previous studies have dem-onstrated an inverse relation between resting muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and vasoconstrictor responsiveness (i.e., sympathetic transduction), such that those with high resting MSNA have low vascular responsiveness, and vice versa. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether biological sex influences the balance between resting MSNA and beat-to-beat sympathetic transduction. We measured blood pressure (BP) and MSNA during supine rest in 54 healthy young adults (27 females: 23 < 4 yr, 107 < 8/ 63 < 8 mmHg; 27 males: 25 < 3 yr, 115 < 11/64 < 7 mmHg; means < SD). We quantified beat-to-beat fluctuations in mean arterial pressure (MAP, mmHg) and limb vascular conductance (LVC, %) for 10 cardiac cycles after each MSNA burst using signal averaging, an index of sympathetic vascular transduction. In females, there was no correlation between resting MSNA (burst incidence; burst/100 heart-beats) and peak μMAP (r ± =0.10, P ± 0.62) or peak μLVC (r ± =0.12, P ± 0.63). In males, MSNA was related to peak μMAP (r ± =0.50, P ± 0.01) and peak μLVC (r ± 0.49, P ± 0.03); those with higher resting MSNA had blunted increases in MAP and reductions in LVC in response to a burst of MSNA. In a sub-analysis, we performed a median split between high-versus low-MSNA status on μMAP and μLVC within each sex and found that only males demonstrated a significant difference in μMAP and μLVC between high-versus low-MSNA groups. These findings support an inverse relation between resting MSNA and sympathetic vascular transduction in males only and advance our understanding on the influence of biological sex on sympathetic nervous system-mediated alterations in beat-to-beat BP regulation.
- Blood pressure, Muscle sympathetic nerve activity, Sex differences, Vascular physiology, Vasoconstriction