Renal Fibrosis Is Significantly Attenuated Following Targeted Disruption of Cd40 in Experimental Renal Ischemia
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
- University of Toledo
Background Renal artery stenosis is a common cause of renal ischemia, contributing to the development of chronic kidney disease. To investigate the role of local CD40 expression in renal artery stenosis, Goldblatt 2-kidney 1-clip surgery was performed on hypertensive Dahl salt-sensitive rats (S rats) and genetically modified S rats in which CD40 function is abolished (Cd40mutant). Methods and Results Four weeks following the 2-kidney 1-clip procedure, Cd40mutant rats demonstrated significantly reduced blood pressure and renal fibrosis in the ischemic kidneys compared with S rat controls. Similarly, disruption of Cd40 resulted in reduced 24-hour urinary protein excretion in Cd40mutant rats versus S rat controls (46.2±1.9 versus 118.4±5.3 mg/24 h; P<0.01), as well as protection from oxidative stress, as indicated by increased paraoxonase activity in Cd40mutant rats versus S rat controls (P<0.01). Ischemic kidneys from Cd40mutant rats demonstrated a significant decrease in gene expression of the profibrotic mediator, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (P<0.05), and the proinflammatory mediators, C-C motif chemokine ligand 19 (P<0.01), C-X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 9 (P<0.01), and interleukin-6 receptor (P<0.001), compared with S rat ischemic kidneys, as assessed by quantitative PCR assay. Reciprocal renal transplantation documented that CD40 exclusively expressed in the kidney contributes to ischemia-induced renal fibrosis. Furthermore, human CD40-knockout proximal tubule epithelial cells suggested that suppression of CD40 signaling significantly inhibited expression of proinflammatory and -fibrotic genes. Conclusions Taken together, our data suggest that activation of CD40 induces a significant proinflammatory and -fibrotic response and represents an attractive therapeutic target for treatment of ischemic renal disease.
- CD40, renal fibrosis, renal ischemia