Scavenger receptors of endothelial cells mediate the uptake and cellular proatherogenic effects of carbamylated LDL
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
- University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
- Department of Veterans Affairs
OBJECTIVE-: Carbamylated LDL (cLDL) has been recently shown to have robust proatherogenic effects on human endothelial cells in vitro, suggesting cLDL may have a significant role in atherosclerosis in uremia. The current study was designed to determine which receptors are used by cLDL and thus cause the proatherogenic effects. METHODS AND RESULTS-: In ex vivo or in vitro models as well as in intact animals, administration of cLDL was associated with endothelial internalization of cLDL and subendothelial translocation (transcytosis). In vitro recombinant LOX-1 and SREC-1 receptors showed the greatest cLDL binding. However, pretreatment of the endothelial cells with specific inhibiting antibodies demonstrated that cLDL binds mainly to LOX-1 and CD36 receptors. The transcytosis was dependent on SR-A1, SREC-1, and CD36 receptors whereas LOX-1 receptor was not involved. The cytotoxicity was mediated by several studied scavenger receptors, but cLDL-induced monocyte adhesion depended only on LOX-1. The cLDL-induced synthesis of LOX-1 protein significantly contributed to both cytotoxicity and accelerated monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS-: Our data suggest that cLDL uses a unique pattern of scavenger receptors. They show that LOX-1 receptor, and partially CD36, SREC-1, and SR-A1 receptors, are essential for the proatherogenic effects of cLDL on human endothelial cells.
- Atherosclerosis, Carbamylated LDL, Endothelial cells, LOX-1, Scavenger receptor