Structural basis of phosphodiesterase 6 inhibition by the C-terminal region of the γ-subunit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Brandy Barren
  • Lokesh Gakhar
  • Hakim Muradov
  • Kimberly K. Boyd
  • S. Ramaswamy
  • Nikolai O. Artemyev

External Institution(s)

  • University of Iowa
  • Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine

Details

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3613-3622
Number of pages10
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume28
Issue number22
StatusPublished - Nov 1 2009
Peer-reviewedYes

Abstract

The inhibitory interaction of phosphodiesterase-6 (PDE6) with its γ-subunit (Pγ) is pivotal in vertebrate phototransduction. Here, crystal structures of a chimaeric PDE5/PDE6 catalytic domain (PDE5/6cd) complexed with sildenafil or 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine and the Pγ-inhibitory peptide Pγ 7087 have been determined at 2.9 and 3.0, respectively. These structures show the determinants and the mechanism of the PDE6 inhibition by Pγ and suggest the conformational change of Pγ on transducin activation. Two variable H-and M-loops of PDE5/6cd form a distinct interface that contributes to the Pγ-binding site. This allows the Pγ C-terminus to fit into the opening of the catalytic pocket, blocking cGMP access to the active site. Our analysis suggests that disruption of the H-M loop interface and Pγ-binding site is a molecular cause of retinal degeneration in atrd3 mice. Comparison of the two PDE5/6cd structures shows an overlap between the sildenafil and Pγ 7087-binding sites, thereby providing critical insights into the side effects of PDE5 inhibitors on vision.

    Research areas

  • Phosphodiesterase 6, Phototransduction, Transducin, X-ray crystallography

Citation formats

APA

Barren, B., Gakhar, L., Muradov, H., Boyd, K. K., Ramaswamy, S., & Artemyev, N. O. (2009). Structural basis of phosphodiesterase 6 inhibition by the C-terminal region of the γ-subunit. EMBO Journal, 28(22), 3613-3622. https://doi.org/10.1038/emboj.2009.284

Harvard

Barren, B, Gakhar, L, Muradov, H, Boyd, KK, Ramaswamy, S & Artemyev, NO 2009, 'Structural basis of phosphodiesterase 6 inhibition by the C-terminal region of the γ-subunit', EMBO Journal, vol. 28, no. 22, pp. 3613-3622. https://doi.org/10.1038/emboj.2009.284