The Zonal Architecture of the Mandibular Condyle Requires ADAMTS5
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
- Medical University of South Carolina
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (TMJOA) disrupts extracellular matrix (ECM) homeostasis, leading to cartilage degradation. Upregulated a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)–5 leads to cleavage of its substrate aggrecan (Acan) and is considered a hallmark of TMJOA. However, most research on ADAMTS5-Acan turnover has focused on hyaline cartilage, not fibrocartilage, which comprises the TMJ. The mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) of the TMJ is organized in zones, and chondrocytes are arranged in axial rows, yet the molecular mechanisms required to generate the MCC zonal architecture have not been elucidated. Here, we test the hypothesis that ADAMTS5 is required for development of the TMJ MCC. Adamts5+/+ and Adamts5–/– murine TMJs were harvested at postnatal day 7 (P7), P21, 2 mo, and 6 mo of age; histomorphometrics indicated increased ECM. Immunohistochemistry and Western blots demonstrated the expanded ECM correlated with increased Acan localization in Adamts5–/– compared to Adamts5+/+. Cell volume was also decreased in the MCC of Adamts5–/– due to both a reduction in cell size and less mature hypertrophic chondrocytes. Analysis of chondrogenic maturation markers by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction indicated Col2a1, Col10a1, and Sox9 were significantly reduced in Adamts5–/– MCC compared to that of Adamts5+/+. The older (6 mo) Adamts5–/– MCC exhibited changes in chondrogenic cell arrangements, including clustering and chondrogenic atrophy, that correlated with early stages of TMJOA using modified Mankin scoring. These data indicate a potentially novel and critical role of ADAMTS5 for maturation of hypertrophic chondrocytes and establishment of the zonal architecture that, when disrupted, may lead to early onset of TMJOA.
- cell differentiation, cell-matrix interactions, extracellular matrix, matrix biology, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), temporomandibular disorders (TMDs)