Young adult dual combusted cigarette and e-cigarette users’ anticipated responses to hypothetical e-cigarette market restrictions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Lauren R. Pacek
  • Olga Rass
  • Maggie M. Sweitzer
  • Jason A. Oliver
  • F. Joseph McClernon

External Institution(s)

  • Duke University
  • Center for Tobacco Products (CTP)


Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2033-2042
Number of pages10
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number12
StatusPublished - Oct 15 2019


Introduction: The aim of this exploratory study was to assess young adult dual e-cigarette (EC) and combusted cigarette (CC) users’ anticipated responses to hypothetical market restrictions regarding key EC characteristics. Methods: Data came from 240 young adult dual EC and CC users recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk in June 2017. Descriptive statistics were used to report sociodemographic, CC smoking, and EC use characteristics. McNemar’s chi-square tests and chi-square tests were used to assess differences between groups in terms of anticipated responses to hypothetical EC market restrictions. Results: Hypothetical regulations resulted in reported intentions to reduce EC use and increase CC use; the greatest impact was found for restrictions regarding e-liquid nicotine content, followed by flavor and ability to modify EC devices. Moreover, individuals reporting use of flavored e-liquid, high nicotine content e-liquid, and customizable EC were most likely to report intentions to reduce EC use and increase CC use. Conclusions: This work provides preliminary evidence that restrictive regulations regarding key EC characteristics may increase intentions to increase CC use among young adult dual EC and CC users.

    Research areas

  • ENDS, cigarette, e-cigarette, policy, smoking, tobacco regulatory science

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